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EU Energy Efficiency Policy


The European Union has already adopted several legislative measures to increase energy efficiency in various sectors - buildings, generation of heat and electricity, domestic appliances etc.


The last piece of legislation is the Energy Efficiency Directive which was adopted on 25 October 2012. This directive established a set of binding measures for EU Member States.The most important measures concern the renovation of public buildings. In total, 3% of all public buildings owned by the central government will have to be renovated. The energy companies are required to make an annual reduction of their energy sales of 1.5%. In addition to that, the Member States are obliged to draft a roadmap to make the building sector more energy efficient by 2050.

Energy efficiency policy overview:

  • 25 October 2012: The Energy Efficiency Directive adopted
  • 8 March 2011: European Commission adopts the Communication "Energy Efficiency Plan 2011"
  • 10 November 2010: Adoption of the Communication "Energy 2020 - A strategy for competitive, sustainable and secure energy"
  • 28 September 2010: European Commission sets up new energy labels for televisions, refrigirators, dishwashers and washing machines
  • 18 June 2010: Energy Labeling and Energy Performance of Buildings Directive were published in the Official Journal 
  • 21 May 2010: European Energy Programme for Recovery (EERP): report on the implementation
  • 9 December 2009: European Commission approves over €1,5bn for 15 CCS and off-shore wind projects to support European economic recovery and publishes 15 energy projects 
  • 1 September 2009: European lamps start to be more efficient - incandescent light bulbs and other energy inefficient lamps start to be gradually replaced by more energy efficienct lamps in Europe
  • 28 August 2009: Eco-design Regulations (Circulators, Electric Motors, Refrigirators and Freezers, Televisions) of 22 July 2009 implementing Directive 2005/32/EC
  • 29 June 2009: Synthesis of the complete assessment of all 27 National Energy Efficiency action Plans as required by Directive 2006/32/EC on energy end-use efficiency and energy services
  • 13 November 2008: Second Strategic Energy Review released by the European Commission
  • 30 June 2007: deadline for EU Member States to submit National Energy Efficiency Action Plans as required by the directive on energy end-use efficiency and energy services
  • 10 January 2007: "energy and climate change package" of the European Commission sets energy efficiency as a priority
  • 19 October 2006: European Commission presents Action Plan for Energy Efficiency
  • 8 March 2006: Green Paper on Energy Efficiency



EU Documents:

  • Energy Efficiency Directive (25 October 2012)
  • Communication "Energy Efficiency Plan 2011" (8 March 2011)
  • Directive 2010/30/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the indication by labelling and standard product information of the consumption of energy and other resources by energy-related products
  • Directive 2010/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings
  • Evaluation and revision of the action plan for energy efficiency: Report on the public consultation June - August 2009, European Commission (August 2009)
  • Regulation (EC) No 663/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 July 2009 establishing a programme to aid economic recovery by granting Community financial assitance to projects in the field of energy
  • Action Plan for Energy Efficiency: Realising the Potential (19 October 2006)
  • Directive 2006/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2006 on energy end-use efficiency and energy services 
  • Green Paper "A European strategy for sustainable, comptetitive and secure energy", European Commission (8 March 2006)


Source: European Commission, Euractiv